Skin Care Dictionary

Skin Care Dictionary

a common skin condition characterized by inflammation, pimples and comedones which may cause scarring


Age spots:
flat light brown discolorations on the skin caused by sun exposure and typically found on people over 40, these lesions are commonly called liver spots


Aging skin:
a condition of the skin caused by sun damage, heredity and the passage of time, characterized by furrows, wrinkles, creases, cellulite and sagging


the property of a treatment or substance that alleviates or prevents imflammation


Benzoyl peroxide:
an antibacterial chemical that is used in acne treatment gels and creams


a pore partially blocked with trapped sebum which has begun to push through the skin’s surface, blackening upon the sebum’s exposure to air


an injectible treatment that is used cosmetically to temporarily paralyze or relax facial muscles to eliminate or minimize wrinkles and lines


dimpled and bumpy fat deposits beneath the skin that cause a “cottage cheese” appearance


an insoluble, fibrous protein that is naturally found in the skin and that can also be injected into the skin to return a supple, youthful appearance


Cosmetic dermatology:
the branch of medicine dealing with the treatment of skin and skin conditions with the goal of improving the patient’s appearance and beauty


a closed, fluid-filled sac beneath the skin


Cystic acne:
a severe skin condition typically causing scarring, characterized by multiple pus-filled cysts that become inflammed and infected


pertaining to the dermis (skin)


a skin care product range and treatment system


a non-contagious inflammation of the skin that causes rashes, blisters and/or itching, which can have a variety of causes including allergies or exposure to irritants


the medical specialization that is concerned with the treatment of skin and its conditions and diseases


the middle layer of the skin which contains the majority of the skin structures including its blood vessels, lymph vessles, hair follicles and sweat glands


a protein extracted from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which is injected into the skin to reduce or eliminate frown lines and wrinkles


a form of dermatitis often caused by dry skin or allergies


a similar protein to collagen that gives skin tissue its elasticity


the outermost superficial layer of the skin


the healing process of skin regeneration across a wound after injury


redness of the skin caused by inflammation , frequently caused by sunburn, allergy, infection or healing


a long-lasting collagen dermal filler that must be injected by a trained skin care practioner


Eye wrinkles:
fine skin lines that appear around the eye


Face care:
the maintenance and treatment of the skin of the face


a cosmetic surgical procedure, also known as rhytidectomy, that improves the youthful appearance of the face by tightening skin and underlying muscles


Facial fillers:
injectible products such as collagen, hyaluronic acid and calcium hydroxyl apatite that rejuvenate facial skin by reducing or eliminating wrinkles, raising scar depressions, enhancing lips and replacing soft-tissue volume loss


Facial hair removal:
temporary or permanent elimination of unwanted hair on the face


Facial peels:
chemical or laser treatments performed by a skin care practitioner to reduce the appearance of blemishes, freckles, age spots, light scarring and other skin irregularities


Facial rejuvenation:
any treatment performed by a skin care practitioner to improve the youthful appearance of the face


of or pertaining to the face


the appearance of the skin when part of it bends or lays so as to cover another


the skin structure that contains a hair root and surrounds the hair shaft where it emerges through the skin


Glabellar creases:
the creases, or frown lines, that develop on the forehead between the brows


Glycolic acid:
an alpha-hydroxy acid that is used to promote the topical exfoliation of skin cells


Glycolic peel:
a treatment that uses glycolic acid to peel or exfoliate the surface skin cells to rejuvenate the skin


Hair removal:
permanent or temporary elimination of unwanted hair


a benign overgrowth of blood vessels in the skin which may be present from birth or appear later in life


Hyaluronic acid:
a naturally-occuring substance found in the skin that helps to maintain skin moisture and plumpness


the patchy loss of skin pigment caused by a decrease of melanin production


caused by or characterized by inflammation


Intense pulsed light:
a focused, broad-spectrum light applied to the skin surface that is used by skin care practitioners to treat acne rosacea, aging skin, acne, and other conditions


intense pulsed light used by skin care practitioners to treat skin problems


an injectible dermal filler made from hyaluronic acid, used to reduce wrinkles and fill in facial lines


a thick, pink scar caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue


a tough, fibrous protein that is the main component of skin, hair and nails


Laser acne treatment:
a laser skin treatment for severe acne breakouts


Laser facial treatment:
also called laser facial resurfacing, a treatment that destroys the surface layer of skin in a controlled manner, exposing the lower layer and rejuvenating the skin


Laser hair removal:
permanent reduction of unwanted body or facial hair using laser light treatments


Laser scar removal:
the use of laser light treatment to remove or reduce the appearance of scars


Laser skin resurfacing:
a skin treatment that destroys the surface layer of skin in a controlled manner, exposing the lower layer and rejuvenating the skin


Laser treatment:
skin treatment using the application of a strong laser beam of light


Laugh lines:
wrinkles that form from the nose to the mouth, also known as naso-labial folds


Lip collagen:
injections of collagen into the lips to produce an appearance of youth and fullness


Lip enhancement:
augmentation of the lips through surgery or the injection of fillers to create fuller lips


Lip wrinkles:
wrinkles that form in the lips due to loss of volume through aging


a fat or fat-like substance that helps to retain moisture in the skin


Marionette lines:
folds or deep lines that stretch from the corners of the mouth along the sides of the chin to the jawline


an insoluble brown or black pigment that gives skin its color


a skin cell that creates the pigment melanin


a serious malignancy or cancer that has its genesis in melanocytes


sometimes called a pregnancy mask, comprised of tan or brownish patches of pigment across cheeks


Microdermabrasion cream:
a cream that mildly abrades skin to rejuvenate the face, refine pores and reduce scars


Microdermabrasion treatments:
a procedure during which fine granules are blasted onto the skin in order to abrade the top layers and rejuvenate the skin


the nonsurgical exfoliation of the skin accomplished by blasting fine granules onto the skin


hardened white skin bumps caused by the retention of sebum, also called whiteheads


Nasolabial folds:
the folds or lines stretching from the edges of the nostrils to the corners of the mouth


a line of skin care products aimed at the retail and medical markets


Oral commissures:
lines or folds extending downward from the corners of the mouth and extended into “marionette lines”


damage of the skin due to aging, also called free radical formation


Perioral lines:
deep vertical lines that form on the upper lip, which are also called “smoker’s lines”


Periorbital lines:
sometimes called “crow’s feet, the lines or wrinkles that extend from the outer corners of the eyes


a measure of the skin’s acidity or alkalinity


damage to the skin caused by long-term sun exposure


the hue of the skin, determined by the pigment content of the skin


a red and swollen infection of a skin follicle or pore, which may contain pus


Plastic surgery:
the medical subspecialty dealing with the surgical treatment or enhancement of external physical appearance


the small openings in the skin that excrete sweat and oils


Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation:
skin darkening and discoloration resulting from past skin inflammation


a chronic scaly red skin rash characterized by gray flakes of dry skin


this is the trade name that was going to be used by Medicus in the United States to market their neuro-muscular relaxing agent.  They have since decided to not use this name and are sticking to their original name, Dysport, used in other parts of the world.


a dermal filler made from hyaluronic acid, typically used for lip augmentation or other wrinkles


an unwanted skin wrinkle


a skin disorder marked by facial redness that can lead to bumps, pimples and eye irritation


a visible skin imperfection caused by the healing of injured skin and soft tissue


Sebaceous gland:
a skin gland that produces sebum, an oily subdstance that moisturizes the skin and hair


a condition of the skin marked by excessive oily discharge


Seborrheic dermatitis:
inflammation and scaly, crusted patches of skin caused by seborrhea


an oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands


the tissue that comprises the outer surface of the body, and which is the body’s largest organ


Skin tightening:
surgical or non-surgical firming, lifting and smoothing of the skin to reduce sagging and wrinkles


Skin treatments:
medical or esthetic procedures intended to improve the appearance and structure of the skin


Smile lines:
deep lines that run between the nose and the mouth, also called “nasolabial folds”


Solar lentigo:
light brown spots that appear on the skin as a result of aging and sun exposure, also called age spots or liver spots


of or pertaining to the layer of fatty tissue beneath the skin


Sun protection factor (SPF):
the scale that measures the degree to which a sunscreen protects the skin from the sun’s UVB rays


Tattoo removal:
a treatment intended to remove or substantially reduce the appearance of a tattoo using methods such as dermabrasion, salabrasion and laser


small dilated blood vessels on the surface of the skin


UV or ultraviolet rays:
the electromagnetic radiation of the sun that causes photogaging of the skin


Vermillion border:
the line of demarcation between the lips and the rest of the face


Worry lines:
creases or wrinkles on the forehead or between the eyebrows


Wrinkle removal:
removal or reduction of the appearance of wrinkles through surgical or esthetic treatments


Wrinkle treatment:
a treatment intended to reduce or remove the appearance of wrinkles


unwanted lines, creases and folds in the skin caused by skin aging and damage


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